Associate Professor in the Department of Political Sciences at the School of Law, Political and Social Sciences, National University of Colombia. Dr. Toro Pérez holds a PhD in Political Science from the Institute of Political Studies, Paris, France. Dr. Toro Pérez leads the Group on The Political Economy of Extravism in Latin America and the Caribbean (CLACSO, Consejo Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales, 2013-2016; 2016-2019). She is a member of the Caribbean Studies Association since 2014. Director of the Department of Political Sciences and of the Curriculum Area of Political Sciences (2014-2016). Dr. Toro Pérez was Director of the Graduate program (Masters) in Bio-Sciences and Law (2010-2013) and has directed the Research Group on Law and Political Environment since 2008 (School of Law, Political and Social Sciences, National University of Colombia). Member of the Seeds Group, since 2008.